The practices and techniques that we promote are not intended to be comprehensive, but rather a foundation to be built upon by each individual angler. Our recommendations are based on years of combined experience on the water and accepted research, much of which can be found below. 

Cook, K.V., Lennox, R.J., Hinch, S.G. & Cooke S.J. (2015). Fish Out of Water: How Much Air is Too Much? Retrieved from

Thurston Dotson. (1982). Mortalities in Trout Caused by Gear Type and Angler-Induced Stress. Retrieved from<60:MITCBG>2.0.CO;2

Joint Chinook Technical Committee. (1997). Incidental Fishing Mortality of Chinook Salmon: Mortality Rates Applicable to Pacific Salmon Commission Fisheries. Retrieved from

Lindsay, R.B., Schroeder, R.K., Kenaston K.R., Toman, R.N., & Buckman, M.A. (2004). Hooking Mortality by Anatomical Location and Its Use in Estimating Mortality of Spring Chinook Salmon Caught and Released in a River Sport Fishery. Retrieved from

Muoneke, M. I., & Childress, M. (1994). Hooking Mortality: A Review for Recreational Fisheries. Retrieved from

Cooke, S. J., & Wilde, G. R. (2007). The Fate of Fish Released by Recreational Anglers. Retrieved from

Meka, J. M., & McCormick, S. D. (2004). Physiological response of wild rainbow trout to angling; impact of angling duration, fish size, body condition, and temperature. Retrieved from

American Sportfishing Association. (2013). Sportfishing in America: An Economic Force for Conservation. Retrieved from

Counterpoint Consulting. (2008). Economic Dimensions of Skeena Watershed Salmonid Fisheries. Retrieved from